OUR UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARKS
DISCOVERY UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
Discovery UNESCO Global Geopark’s coastal geology offers a unique opportunity to observe, study and celebrate one of the most significant transitions in Earth’s history: the Ediacaran Period and its associated rise of animal life. With rocks over half a billion years old, the Geopark is host to some of the most spectacular and exceptionally preserved Ediacaran fossils anywhere in the world. As a site of continuing scientific research, new discoveries are still being made, including the recent find of Haootia quadriformis, the first fossilized evidence of muscular tissue, and possibly the oldest animal fossil.
The Bonavista Peninsula is dominated by its striking coastlines. The hiking trails within the Geopark give visitors remarkable vistas of a host of coastal formations, including caves, arches, and sea stacks. Through these stunning landscapes, active geomorphological processes can be viewed at the interface between land and sea. Our Geopark also contains a varied history of glaciations. The earliest deposits formed during the last great ice age of the Precambrian, approximately 580 million years ago, while marine terraces and Quaternary deposits are evidence from the Last Glacial Maximum. Newfoundland and Labrador is one of the few places in the world where you can watch icebergs pass by, with the majority being carved off Western Greenland.
TUMBLER RIDGE UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
The Tumbler Ridge Global Geopark is notable for its remote, wilderness location, giving visitors the authentic feeling of a sparsely inhabited frontier region. It is the first Global Geopark in western North America, and therefore the first to represent the plate tectonics that have led to the formation of the Rocky Mountains.
Mountain and foothill geology spans a Precambrian to Cretaceous time range, as well as Pleistocene deposits, and preserves part of the Triassic Pangea shoreline, as well as the interchanging marine and terrestrial intervals of a fluctuating Western Interior Seaway.
This is complemented by an abundance of palaeontological phenomena, which form the basis for ongoing scientific research, exhibits and programs. Cretaceous dinosaur tracks (many of which are of global significance), a Cretaceous dinosaur bonebed with unusual features, and Triassic fishes and marine reptiles are of particular importance.
The Dinosaur Discovery Gallery in Tumbler Ridge forms a major attraction, while a network of hiking trails leads to numerous Geosites, including an abundance of spectacular waterfalls, dinosaur trackways, mountain summits, sedimentary rock formations, caves and canyons.
CLIFFS OF FUNDY UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
The Cliffs of Fundy Geopark is located on Canada’s east coast along Nova Scotia’s Bay of Fundy – home to the world’s highest tides and one of the seven natural wonders of North America.
In addition to extreme tides, Cliffs of Fundy is the only place on the planet where one can see the record of the assembly of supercontinent Pangea 300 million years ago, and its breakup 100 million years laterwithin the stunning landscapes that exist today.
Visitors will discover stories ofprehistoric creatures and Canada’s oldest dinosaurs; of indigenous legends and the earliest human settlement in eastern North America; and of people that have continued to adapt to the everchanging tide and world around them.
The Cliffs of Fundy Geopark also features Canada’s lead research facility for green tidal stream energy technology among its many attractions, experiences and geosites to explore.
PERCÉ UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
The Géoparc de Percé is the first global geopark in French-speaking America. Visitors can enjoy a variety of landscapes and cultures. Located in the extreme east of Quebec, this territory allows to discover large spaces, shared between marine and terrestrial environments, as well as striking landscapes which made the international reputation of the village of Percé.
The Percé Rock is the starting point of a long journey to learn more about the significant concentration of distinct geological formations that comprises 500 million years of Earth's history. The rock formations, little transformed, have attracted the interest of several renowned researchers, such as Sir William Logan, founder of the Geological Survey of Canada. It is also in Percé that the first international congress of the GSC was held.
Geology has marked the culture of this territory witnessing many waves of migration since the presence of the Mi’kmaq people for more than 9000 years. Each of these cultures has left its mark, particularly in the built heritage and place names. The immersive Tektonik multimedia exhibition, winner of the prestigious Numix Award and of a Société des musées du Québec Award, presents a fun introduction to the geology of Percé. Hiking trails, accompanied by qualified guides, helps to understand the formation of this fabulous landscape.
STONEHAMMER UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
As North America’s first Global Geopark, Stonehammer Geopark is about geology, but it is also about people, society and culture. Located in Southern New Brunswick on the East Coast of Canada we have a billion years of the Earth's history to share.
Our lives are shaped by the geology; where we settle, the landscape, the crops we grow, natural hazards, water resources, climate, what we mine, and the energy we use are all linked to geology.
With a landscape created by the collision of continents, the closing and opening of oceans, volcanoes, earthquakes, ice ages and climate change, Stonehammer Geopark also includes geological stories from late precambrian time a billion years ago to the most recent Ice Age, and almost everything in between.